(UN)COMMON MATERIALS: COTTON
Cotton is the best known and the most used material for the production of terry and textiles. But do you know how it is grown, how it is processed, what its properties are or how to get to know a quality cotton product?
It all starts with the plantations where cotton is grown.
Cotton thrives most in tropical areas and needs a lot of moisture.
The most common types of cotton in the world are:
- hairy cotton, which originates from Mexico and is grown in all cotton-supplying countries. It is the most widespread type of cotton in the world with a fiber length of up to 3 cm.
- bushy cotton comes from Barbados and has very fine fibers. It is the most valuable type of cotton grown in the USA, Peru and Egypt. Its fibers grow up to 6 cm and are most often used in a mixture with silk.
- tree cotton is grown in India, China and African countries. It has short fibers that are coarse and are therefore mainly used to produce cheaper fabrics.
The processing of cotton affects the properties of the product made from it. Length, yarn processing and weight affect the overall quality.
Short fibers are mainly used on felt and cotton wool. Medium length fibers are the most widely used and widespread in the textile industry as a whole.
Long fibers are mainly added to mixtures for the production of luxury and fine products.
The quality is also affected by the yarn processing itself.
Soflex yarn is very fine and the resulting product is soft and smooth to the touch. This is the highest quality yarn on the market. The second most used yarn is Ring Spun – pre-combed or uncombed ring-spun. We use both yarn variants for our products.
Did you know that ..
the first cotton spinning mill was put into operation in England in 1771 and the first factory of this kind in Europe was built in 1797 by the Austrian Leitenberger in Verneřice (Děčín district).
The weight indicates the weight of the material from which the product is made. For example, if 600g / m2 is given for a towel, it means that 600g of yarn per square meter has been used. In our portfolio you will find 100% cotton towels of the Quality 400g / m2, Deluxe 500g / m2, Print 400g / m2, Fitness 400g / m2, Beach 450g / m2, or Brilliant 600g / m2 series.
Advantage and disadvantage
The main advantage is low shrinkage and high resistance to washing and ironing temperatures. It absorbs moisture well and dries relatively quickly. Quality cotton does not smudge and absorbs colors very well.
All our cotton towels and bath towels are suitable for branding, most often with embroidery that keeps its shape.
Of course, cotton also has its disadvantages. Fiber is not elastic, in the fact that it is crimped and pulled. Damp cotton can mold, so never leave wet towels in an unventilated area.